For the schoolchildren of tomorrow
|Front Page||Welcome||Two||Three||Four||Pentagram||Six||Spirals||The Plot Thickens||Astronomy||2006 Formations|
I dedicate this page to Paul Vigay, Genius of the British crop circle world.
Paul, you knew too much.
The Circlemakers have an interest in Astronomy as well as geometry, which may remind us of the traditional role of the mathematicus, before modern science arrived on the scene. A study of this topic will allow us insight into the Intelligence which is creating the formations – always a more interesting question I think, than how they are made! As my book, Crop Circles The Hidden form, has now gone out of print, we here develop its astronomy chapter.
All the great scorpion-formations of 1994 had their ‘sting’ missing.
a. 24 May 1994, Silbury Hill This formed ‘on the Full-Moon night of a Lunar eclipse’ i.e the night of 24/25th. There are lunar - eclipse-type themes in this formation. The Moon, in the Scorpio constellation, passed that night over the star Antares, ‘Heart of the Scorpion’.
b. 8 June at Lopcombe Corner, near Salisbury, two weeks later, at the New Moon: ‘ the small ‘grapeshot’ near the ‘kink’, or ‘bend’, in the tail of this formation corresponds perfectly with the large stars adjacent to the corresponding part of the actual [Scorpio] constellation’. (NB, I’m here drawing heavily from Kris Sherwood’s Scorpius Hour article (1), http://www.cropcircleanswers.com/scorpious_hour.htm and using Ed Sherwood’s silhouette images with kind permission).
c. 15 July 1994 Bishop Cannings, near Devizes, Wiltshire: a 640 ft scorpion.
The giant star ‘Antares,’ Heart of the Scorpion, Cor Scorpionis, is strongly emphasised in all three scorpions. The lowest part of the Scorpion in the heavens, ie the ‘sting,’ is not ever visible from England – it’s a summertime constellation, which always remains low on the horizon – and this was as it were ‘chopped off’ from the croppie scorpions, ie they weren’t quite complete.
The Moon passed across the Scorpion constellation during the impact process, shown in two of these glyphs..
The comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 crashed into the planet Jupiter from July 16 to July 22, 1994: as it approached it disintegrated due to Jupiter’s huge gravity field, breaking up into 24 particles. ‘Its biggest impact scar left several dark rings with a dot outside of the centre’ (Red Collie’): http://www.cropcircleanswers.com/scorpious_hour.htm
23rd July ‘impact’ images:
Insight dawned across the Atlantic: “I was living in California when I made all of the discoveries in the article, and I began making them as the crop circle season of 1994 progressed. I first associated a '94 crop circle with the comet collision when I saw an early so called "String of Pearls" formation comprised of varying sized circles in a straight line. I'd seen aerial footage of that formation and the May 24 Scorpion, with some others as well, on CNN News in late May. It was within a week following the June 8th Scorpion that I knew for certain it was Scorpio and a "conjunction" with the comet collision being referenced, and it confirmed to me it had been in many formations up to that point. I also had found the stars of Scorpio that corresponded to the grapeshot in it at the same time and was amazed. It was then clear to me the progression of the event was being shown in the fields and the symbols were "morphing" as the impacts began. When Moulsford appeared I immediately checked the Skychart and confirmed that the Moon had passed between Scorpio's claws and Jupiter the night it most likely appeared.. In the summer of 1994 as the Shoemaker-Levy 9 Comet was fatally impacting into Jupiter, Jupiter’s orbit positioned it in the sky directly in line and in front of the “claws” of Scorpio.’ Jupiter was then quite near to the Scorpion constellation in the sky. ” (Kris Sherwood, letter to author).
b. Seven Sisters 4 August (or 8 August, Sorensen) 1994 Froxfield, Wilts. http://www.lucypringle.co.uk/photos/1994/uk1994ca.shtml
Did this represent the Pleiades? Quite how people see ‘seven’ in the Pleiades cluster is always a bit of a mystery. This group of stars has been the focus of far more stories and legends than any other in the heavens.
VII. Asteroid Belt
26 June, 1995 near Winchester, Hants www.lucypringle.co.uk/photos/1995/uk1995bi.shtml
This classic masterpiece depicted the inner solar system. It showed the planetary orbits as thin rings of standing wheat, about a foot wide. It also depicted planetary orbit radii, eccentricities, perihelion as the orbit-position closest to the Sun, Ceres as the largest asteroid, and heliocentric plantary longitude.
Yes, Earth is missing … but the positions of the inner planets are shown, together with Mercury’s perihelion position (from ‘helios’ sun and ‘peri,’ near). Around the perimeter was a pretty ring of asteroids. Did the planetary positions define one particular moment - when it formed (as claimed by J.Rasool: Andy Thomas, Vital signs 1998)?
Let’s start with a diagram of the relevant planets at the time of its formation against a sidereal zodiac, so that the starry constellations are behind these signs. Mercury’ perihelion lies in the stars of Taurus as shown, while Venus was then at two degrees of Taurus. The crop formation doesn’t quite show these as the right way round! But, Venus and Mars are correctly positioned. In the heavens, one sees while facing South the zodiac constellations arched across the sky, such that Taurus is to the right of Aries, and thus the familiar sequence moves round clockwise. That is the way this zodiac circle is here represented.
The orbits given in this formation of the inner planets plus Ceres, the biggest asteroid, are remarkably ‘true.’ Mercury’s orbit is highly eccentric, whereas Venus’ orbit is almost perfectly circular. Earth’s is fairly circular too, coming about three percent closer to the Sun at our perihelion (in midwinter). Mars’ big eccentricity is also indicated in the diagram. The radii of the circles representing the planets are remarkably accurate, especially if the distance of the asteroid belt is taken into account, as the graph shows.
This formation contrasted the closely circular orbits of Earth and Venus, with the far more elliptical orbits of Mars and Mercury. It correctly depicted five different relative distances from the Sun, and the degrees of eccentricity of the orbits involved. Finally, it showed fairly well the heliocentric positions of the Sun and three planets around the time of its formation.
During the 1990s astronomers have discovered many new planets in other star-systems, but all with far more eccentric orbits than the planets of our solar system. So, perhaps this formation is telling us that there is, after all - no place like Earth.
A replica of this formation was made as part of the film, ‘A Place to Stay’ with M.W. et al. on 4 August 1998. Some said it depicted the Venus inferior conjunction of 16th January, 2008 (argued by Jack Sullivan, see Geoff Stray Beyond 2012, p.178)
VIII. Geomagnetic field mid-July 1995 East Meon, Winchester
This may show the ionosphere and Van Allen radiation belts that surround Earth.
The Moon orbits around Earth just over thirteen times each year, in its twenty-seven day ‘sidereal’ cycle. The equation is 365 ÷ 27.3 = 13.4, and the diagram shows this. It moves thirteen times faster than the Sun in the sky, and covers thirteen degrees of the zodiac per day. Thirteen is thus a lunar number and reverberates through folklore in this way – ending up as the unlucky number! The Sleeping Beauty fairytale starts off with a King who has to invite the thirteen wise women to his daughter’s baptism, but only had twelve golden plates …the thirteenth was left out, and so became ‘unlucky.’
4 July, 1997, New Cheriton, Hants http://www.lucypringle.co.uk/photos/1997/uk1997bb.shtml
The Circlemakers are enchanted by Selene’s sphere and never tire of depicting its phases and meetings with the Sun. One could not count the formations on this theme! A small and little-appreciated formation showed the twenty-nine days of the lunar month, its monthly meeting with the Sun. The average length of the female cycle is also of this length: between twenty-nine and thirty days (and not twenty-eight, as many believe).
From each side, faint dots cascaded towards the centre, indicating a maximal influence of Luna on the Earth, twice a month. Tides are then highest, at Full and New moons, and perhaps more subtle influences are also at work.
A division of the circle into 29 - when was the last time anyone did that? Avebury has such a ring of 29 stones, about a hundred metres in diameter, of which eight still remain, inside its great circle. Books on Avebury do not always appreciate that this signified a counting of the 29 days of the lunar month, and likewise nobody seemed to realise that it was the lunar month here depicted.
The 'Beltane Wheel' appeared as a powerful solar image, in a yellow field of oilseed rape (whose stems are thick and difficult to bend). It came on the day of Beltane (more or less) in the early morning: thirty-three revolving tongues of fire! Beltane was the traditional fire-festival heralding the start of Summer, as the Sun reached 15° of Taurus (midway between the Vernal Equinox and midsummer
Its location was precisely due North of Stonehenge - Britain's solar temple. Avebury is quite closely due North of it (about two degrees East of North), but this site was spot-on due North of Stonehenge.
Every thirty-three years, there appears a close synchrony between day and year. Multiply the length of the year (365.2422 days) by 33, and the remainder is smaller (only eleven minutes) than for any other number. Days and years will roughly coincide every four years, which gives the leap-year adjustment, but exactly they synchronise over this longer period. So thirty-three is a solar number. This is why (Robin Heath has argued), the 'solar hero' Christ was supposed to have lived for that many years. This calendar-principle was discovered by the Persian astronomer Omar Khayam in the 14th century. It is used to the present-day in the Chinese calendar, but not so well appreciated in the West. My graph here shows, how 33 years gives the smallest ‘remainder’ of days.
Muslim readers may take a different view of the number thirty-three, because of how the lunar months of their calendar move round the solar year. How long do they take to move once round? They take thirty-three years. The feast of Ramadan moves once round the four seasons in thirty-three years. Subtract twelve times 29.53, the lunar month, from the solar year leaving ten and a bit days; dividing which into the year gives thirty-three.
The lunar year used by Muslims is shorter than our solar year by just this amount. This Muslims get one extra!
Dividing the perimeter of a circle into 33 is hard enough on a laptop - how was it done in a field at night? Two little circles are centred on each of these 33 points, having a 2:3 ratio between them. A few are here been reconstructed, showing how their interlocking pattern generated the ‘tongues of fire.’ (According to Martin Noakes) Their centres are on the flattened wheat in-between these tongues of fire. (4) I still have doubts, and would like an overhead photo, to check its accuracy.
XII. England’s Solar Eclipse of ‘99
* 15 April 1999 Milk Hill near Alton Barnes, Wiltshire www.lucypringle.co.uk/photos/1999/uk1999ad.shtml#pic3
This solar-lunar eclipse sequences prefigured the total eclipse in August whose path of totality travelled across South-West England. It appeared on the day of a New Moon, so it was exactly four lunar months before the eclipse. Jupiter and Saturn were also fairly close, so you might want to believe that this depicted all four heavenly bodies gathered together.
* 3 May, 1999 Nether Wallop, Hampshire www.lucypringle.co.uk/photos/1999/uk1999aj.shtml Comment from Andy Thomas: ‘If this doesn’t signify an eclipse then there’s no hope of ever understanding these things!’
We are here reminded of the Mercury ‘glyph’ as used by alchemists and astrologers. There was a remarkable fourfold meeting on this day of the Sun Venus, Mercury and Saturn (Sun and Venus at 25° Leo, Mercury 27° Leo, Saturn 28° Leo). This was just the kind of one that alchemists of old might have chosen for some vital operation! Venus weaves a pentagram in the sky in its meetings with the Sun, which might here be represented. It reminds us of John Dee’s ‘Monas Heiroglyphica’ which he published in 1564.
Web-discussion of this mystery glyph indicated that croppies had not realized that a fourfold conjunction had taken place in the heavens on that day.
This design shows all the planets - for the date of 21st December 2012, (some felt it could be two days later, on the 23rd, but the Mercury and Venus positions are surely for the 21st - in line with Saturn). It most clearly depicts Neptune, Uranus, Saturn and Jupiter. The circles are all concentric except for that of Pluto, maybe fainter because it’s no longer a planet (according to astronomers!).
Thus we agree with Mayan calendar expert Geoff Stray: ‘This shows the exact configuration of the planets in the solar system on December 21, 2012, with the exception that Pluto is about 30 degrees off course.’ Its date of appearance was 1620 days before this prophesied end-date, which in the Mayan calendar was found to be ‘6 complete Tzolkin cycles plus 60 days (260 x 6) + 60 = 1620’ (from ‘Mark’ on the Crop Circle Connector). But also, was there some mysterious object shown between Uranus and Saturn? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-LKrC66xJI
A couple of years after Pluto was demoted, it is depicted for the first time in a crop circle, crossing over Neptune's orbit.
On the 22nd of July, a week later, a ‘weird circle’ appeared right next to it of comparable size - maybe indicating the ‘strangeness’ of what many people expect on that 2012 date. Would the world somehow ‘end’ then? Curiously, the ‘Sun’ at the centre of the original design has expanded, from its July 15th size, right out to Venus’ orbit! On the Lucy Pringle link here given, you get to see this ‘final’ image. So, the world was given a week for the 2012 ‘end-date’ to sink in, as shown by a scientific diagram - before the other half of this composition, depicting the expected ‘strangeness’ of the end-date, was added in.
This formation appeared in two halves a week apart, perhaps contrasting left-brain (logical, factual) and right-brain (childlike fantasy) themes. The Circlemakers’ take on astronomy always has some dream-like component. They seek for symbolic meaning. Never are they just concerned with fact and measure, like a modern astronomer. Also, they seem to be aware of when unusual multiple-planet conjunctions happen in the heavens, though such geocentric events have no interest for a modern astronomer. They express themselves always with grace and beauty, and I sometimes feel they come from our future.
1. Libra was traditionally the ‘claws of the Scorpion’ long ago: Kris Sherwood, ‘The Scorpius Hour of 1994’ The Circular Autumn 1977, p18-19.
2. July 26 1994 Pic with kind permission from Colin Andrews.
3. (SC Jan ’99p7). For more discussion, see http://www.swirlednews.com/article.asp?artID=659 (also Jeff Stray, Beyond 2012, 2005 p.176)
4. I’ve here followed Martin Noakes’ construction (SC 78, 1998 ‘Constructing a Wheel of Fire’); but, he said the big circle radius was divided by 6 to get the 33 smaller circles, then he further reduced this by 5/6 to get the smallest: I do not confirm these proportions.